Read Opticks: Full and Fine Text of 1704 Edition (Illustrated and Bundled with Life of Isaac Newton) by Isaac Newton Free Online
Book Title: Opticks: Full and Fine Text of 1704 Edition (Illustrated and Bundled with Life of Isaac Newton)|
The size of the: 516 KB
Date of issue: May 14th 2014
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
The author of the book: Isaac Newton
Format files: PDF
Read full description of the books Opticks: Full and Fine Text of 1704 Edition (Illustrated and Bundled with Life of Isaac Newton):The book has an active table of contents for readers to access each chapter of the following titles:
1) OPTICKS OR, A TREATISE OF THE REFLECTIONS, REFRACTIONS, INFLECTIONS AND COLOURSOF LIGHT – ISAAC NEWTON
2) LIFE OF SIR ISAAC NEWTON - N. W. CHITTENDEN
The key contribution of Newton to the modern science and engineering was the books OPTICS and THE MATHEMATICAL PRINCIPLES OF NATURAL PHILOSOPHY.
Opticks was Newton's second major book on physical science after The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy.
Newton discovered measurable, mathematical patterns in the phenomenon of color through his book Opticks. The book analyses the fundamental nature of light including the refraction of light with prisms and lenses, the diffraction of light by closely spaced sheets of glass, and the behaviour of color mixtures with spectral lights or pigment powders. He published it in 1704 and Opticks established Newton as a pioneer of the interweaving of pure theory with quantitative experimentation.
In mathematics too, Newton made contributions to all branches of mathematics then studied and his solutions to the contemporary problems in analytical geometry of drawing tangents to curves (differentiation) and defining areas bounded by curves (integration). He discovered general methods of resolving problems of curvature, embraced in his "method of fluxions" and "inverse method of fluxions", respectively equivalent to Leibniz's later differential and integral calculus.
Newton’s contribution to Enlightenment was also profound. His conception of the Universe based upon Natural and rationally understandable laws became one of the seeds for Enlightenment ideology. John Locke and François-Marie Arouet applied concepts of Natural Law to political systems advocating intrinsic rights; Adam Smith applied Natural conceptions of psychology and self-interest to economic systems.
According to the very popular story, Newton figured out that the same force governed the motion of the Moon and the apple when he was on seeing an apple fall in his orchard in 1666. The story inspired millions of young minds around world to explore natural law of governing the Universe.
Newton said: If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants. This book is for those by standing on Newton’s shoulder to explore the world in any fields without fear.
Read information about the authorSir Isaac Newton, FRS , was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist. His Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, is considered to be the most influential book in the history of science. In this work, Newton described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, laying the groundwork for classical mechanics, which dominated the scientific view of the physical universe for the next three centuries and is the basis for modern engineering. Newton showed that the motions of objects on Earth and of celestial bodies are governed by the same set of natural laws by demonstrating the consistency between Kepler's laws of planetary motion and his theory of gravitation, thus removing the last doubts about heliocentrism and advancing the scientific revolution.
In mechanics, Newton enunciated the principles of conservation of momentum and angular momentum. In optics, he invented the reflecting telescope and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into a visible spectrum. He also formulated an empirical law of cooling and studied the speed of sound.
In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of the differential and integral calculus. He also demonstrated the generalised binomial theorem, developed the so-called "Newton's method" for approximating the zeroes of a function, and contributed to the study of power series.
Newton was also highly religious (though unorthodox), producing more work on Biblical hermeneutics than the natural science he is remembered for today.
In a 2005 poll of the Royal Society asking who had the greater effect on the history of science, Newton was deemed much more influential than Albert Einstein.
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